Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor encephalitis
Muhammad Ilham ABDUL HAFIDZ 1, Stefanie Kar Yan HUNG 2
1 Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia and 2 Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (Anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis is a rare and recently described disorder which presents with a variety of neuropsychiatric symptoms. Diagnosis is achieved by demonstrating the presence of anti-NMDA antibodies in the serum or cerebrospinal fluid. Early treatment with tumour removal (where indicated) and immunosuppression is associated with excellent outcomes. We report the case of a 30-year-old lady who presented with headache, auditory hallucinations and involuntary movements, and having initially been referred to the psychiatrist, was eventually diagnosed with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis following further investigations.
Keywords: NMDA receptor, encephalitis, ovarian teratoma, dyskinesia
Correspondence author: MI ABDUL HAFIDZ, Fakulti Perubatan Universiti Teknologi MARA Tingkat 7, Cluster Medikal, Kampus Sungai Buloh, 47000 Sungai Buloh Selangor, Malaysia. Tel: +6016-6668565E mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Brunei Int Med J. 2016; 12 (6): 206-209