TRAUMATIC SUPEROLATERAL DISLOCATION OF INTACT MANDIBULAR CONDYLE INTO THE TEMPORAL FOSSA: A CASE REPORT.
Nor Azura AHMAD TARMIDZI1, Norhayati OMAR2, Nalisha Mohamed RAMLI1, Mohd Nury YUSOFF3
1Lecturer, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia.
2Surgeon, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Putrajaya Hospital, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia.
3Surgeon, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah, Klang, Malaysia.
Temporomandibular joint dislocation occurs when the head of the mandibular condyle is dislodged from its normal position in the glenoid fossa which is located in the squamo-temporal portion of the cranial base. Causes of temporomandibular joint dislocation include trauma, iatrogenic, connective tissue disorder, drug induced or spontaneous. Superolateral dislocation of the condyle is uncommon and it has been first described by Allen and Young where they reported five cases of such dislocation. In this present case the dislocation of the intact mandibular condyle into the temporal fossa was not associated with any mandible or facial fractures, making it unique and difficult to treat. Several techniques have been described in the literature for management of this type of condylar dislocation, but in this case, coronal flap was choosen as surgical access for open reduction.
Keywords: Mandibular Condyle, superolateral dislocation, Temporomandibular joint, case report, open fracture reduction.
Correspondence: Nor Azura Ahmad Tarmidzi, Dental Faculty, Islamic Science University of Malaysia, 15th Floor, Menara B, Persiaran MPAJ, Jalan Pandan Utama, Pandan Indah, 55100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Tel: 60139633892, 603-42894000.
Brunei Int Med J. 2018;14:28-32